The Food Guide Pyramid is an easy way to learn about healthy eating. In order to stay healthy, you have to eat a variety of nutritious foods every day. It’s not that easy to eat healthy though, and that’s where the Food Guide Pyramid can help you out.
This base layer of food includes only plant foods: vegetables, fruits, nuts, dried peas and beans, breads and cereals. These foods contain many different nutrients and should make up the bulk of the food we eat. Eating a variety of these foods each day should provide good amounts of energy from carbohydrate, as well as protein, minerals, vitamins and dietary fibre. In other words these foods are nutrient dense.
Eat in Moderation
Foods in the middle of the Pyramid include fish, lean meat, eggs, chicken (no skin), milk, cheese and yoghurt. Eating a serving of meat, fish or eggs and three servings of dairy foods each day will provide protein, minerals (especially iron and calcium) and B vitamins.
Eat in Small Amounts
Sugars and fats are in this layer. These foods should be limited because they lack a good supply of the nutrients needed for growth, good health and quick energy. While small amounts of fats, oils and sugar are acceptable, larger amounts of these foods will cause an inadequately varied food intake. When choosing fats and oils it is better to choose the ones that have low levels of saturated fat and higher levels of omega -3 fats. The Pyramid also suggests that salt should not be added to foods.